The objective of this study was to examine pharmacy acquisition costs among community pharmacies in Songkhla Province and to compare them with wholesale prices. It was a descriptive study. All community pharmacies in the province were invited to join the study. From those who agreed to be part of the study, drug acquisition costs were collected by copying their receipts of a period of seven months. Also, drug price quotations were retrieved from wholesalers. Studied drugs included all dosage forms. Unit price of those drugs were calculated. Descriptive analyses, including frequency counting, percentage, mean, median, mode, and standard deviation, were conducted.
Results showed that only 12 (6.7%) pharmacies were willing to participate in the study. The majority of these pharmacies (83.83%) bought drugs from wholesalers. Acquisition costs obtained in this study were composed of two types, including actual purchasing costs and wholesalers’ offered costs. The calculated median costs were sent to participating pharmacies and they could use them as reference costs when they purchase those drugs. From the comparison of drug acquisition costs and wholesale prices, results showed that nine pharmacies could obtain the majority of drugs at acquisition costs equal to the median prices. Pharmacies at different locations and with different ownerships could still obtain the majority of drugs at the same median prices. On the other hands, older and longer opening-hours pharmacies could purchase at lower median prices for their majority of drugs. Similarly, pharmacies that had lower turn-over rate stocks could obtain the majority of drugs at lower costs. There were six pharmacies that could purchase drugs at lower acquisition costs, even though the obtained amounts were either lower or equal to those of median costs.
Results also showed that one wholesaler offered drugs at median price while other four Wholesalers sold drugs at price lower than median prices. When pharmacy acquisition costs were compared to wholesale median prices, results showed that nine pharmacies could obtain drugs at lower than median prices. When drugs with same trade names were compared, three pharmacies could purchase at the price lower than wholesale prices.
In conclusions, pharmacy acquisition costs could be obtained and used as reference prices when drugs were purchased.
Keyword : Pharmacy Acquisition Costs in Songkhla Province, Dr. Somsak Leelang, ดร.ภก. สมศักดิ์ หลีหลัง